Fixed orthodontic appliances are used to correct malocclusions which are not correctable with removable appliances. They are mainly used in severe cases that include severe crowding, cross biting , over crowding, open bite and other irregularities of the teeth and jaw relationship. This blog will focus on fixed appliances and the different indications, types, advantages, and components.
Fixed orthodontic appliances: Indications/Purpose
Indications for the use of fixed orthodontic appliances include:
- Crowding of teeth
- Spacing of teeth
- Malocclusion (incorrect bite)
- Protrusion of teeth
The purpose of using fixed orthodontic appliances is to correct the above dental problems and improve the patient’s overall oral health. They work by applying gentle, consistent pressure to the teeth over time, which gradually moves them into the desired position.
Fixed orthodontic appliances are usually worn for 12-18 months, after which they will need to be removed by a qualified orthodontist. During this time, it is important to maintain good oral hygiene habits and to avoid eating hard or sticky foods that could damage the appliances.
There are many different types of fixed orthodontic appliances, and each has its own advantages and disadvantages.
The most common type is the metal bracket, which is made of stainless steel or titanium. Metal brackets are strong and durable, and they can be used for a wide range of dental problems. However, they are also quite visible, so they may not be the best choice for people who are self-conscious about their appearance.
Another type of fixed appliance is the ceramic bracket, which is made of porcelain or composite material. Ceramic brackets are less visible than metal brackets, and they can be matched to the color of your teeth. However, they are not as strong as metal brackets, and they may break more easily.
The third type of fixed appliance is the lingual bracket, which is attached to the back of the teeth. Lingual brackets are invisible from the front, but they can be quite uncomfortable to wear. They are also more difficult to clean, so they may not be the best choice for people who are prone to plaque buildup.
Components of Fixed orthodontic appliances
Fixed orthodontic appliances are made up of a number of different components, all of which work together to move the teeth into the correct position. The main component is the metal bracket, which is glued to the front of the teeth. Attached to the bracket is the archwire, which runs along the length of the teeth. The archwire is held in place by a series of elastic bands, called ligatures. Finally, the appliance is secured in place by a wire that runs along the back of the teeth, called a retaining wire.
Advantages of Fixed orthodontic appliances
There are many advantages to using fixed orthodontic appliances, also known as braces. They are very effective at straightening teeth and correcting bite problems. Fixed appliances are also very durable and can withstand the wear and tear of everyday use. They are also less likely to be damaged or broken than removable appliances..
In this blog, we have discussed how orthodontic appliances can be used to correct a variety of dental problems. These orthodontic appliances are available in different shapes and sizes and are made of different materials. Patient’s comfort, cost and compliance with the treatment plan are the factors taken into consideration while selecting the appliance. If you want to know more about different orthodontic appliances, please feel free to contact us.